Gullfoss waterfall and Geysir sprouting hot springs
Gullfoss waterfall and Geysir sprouting hot springs attract more visitors than any other natural treasures in Iceland. Ancient and modern Icelandic history are all around. Þingvellir, (thingvellir.is), for centuries the site of the world’s oldest parliament, is now a national park and an emblem of Icelandic identity and nationhood. The episcopal see of Skálholt was Iceland’s cultural centre for centuries too. Its church is decorated with works by Gerður Helgadóttir and Nína Tryggvadóttir, two of the most remarkable Icelandic female artists of the 20th century, and historical relics are on exhibit in the basement. Rangá was the setting for the medieval classic, Njal’s Saga.Ölfusfor just outside Hveragerði is the breeding ground for many species of birds. Longer and more varied walks and hikes can be made through the Hengill area in the mountains north of the town, over to Lake Þingvallavatn or Nesjavellir geothermal power station.